One of the most sacred temples dedicated to Shankar Bhagwan is Pashupati Nath Mandir situated in Kathmandu Nepal. Pashu means creature, Pati and partner and Nath means God or master. Then Pashupatinath means the Lord of all creatures, God of all creatures. There is also a Pashupatinath temple in India which is in Mandsaur in Madhya Pradesh.
Shiva’s idols are similar in the Pashupatinath temple at Mandsaur and Nepal. Nepal’s Pashupatinath temple is situated on the bank of the river Bagmitya and it has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. This temple is in the lap of the Himalayas and attracts Shiva devotees from all over the world. It is said that in the Pashupatinath temple of Nepal, the Shivalinga of Shankar Ji is similar to Paras stone. There are five Mukhi Shivaling in this temple, four faces in four directions and one face upwards. There’s Rudraksha garland in the right hand of every shape on the Shivling, and the loincloth in the left hand is present. It is said that these five mouths introduce different directions and qualities.
East side facing face is called Tatpurush, west side face is called Sadyjot, north side face is called Vamdev or Ardhnareshwar wheras ssouth side face is called Aghora. The face which is facing upwards is called the Ishan Mukh. In the temple, there are four gates to reach till Shivalinga and in front of the western door, the bronze nandi is seated. There are many temples and statues of Vaishnava and Shaiva tradition in Pashupatinath temple complex.
Regarding the Pashupatinath temple, it is believed that a person who visitsPashupatinath temple twice and worships shiv jee will never get birth as animal in any of his future births. However, the condition is that before the first Shivling, Nandini should not be seen. If he does this, then he has to become an animal in the next life. There is no historical evidence available for the construction of Pashupatinath temple, but it is certainly known that the temple was constructed by Somdev Dynasty in the third century BC. In 605 AD, Amshuvarman considered himself to be blessed by touching the feet of God. Later this temple was rebuilt in the 11th century.
According to one legend, Lord Shiva took the form of Deer and went to sleep. While searching for him, the deity arrived here and in an attempt to take Varanasi back, Deer jumped on the other side of the river, in which his horn broke. After this, Lord Pashupati with his four faces appeared here. According to a second story, Kamdhenu cow use to give her milk at some place when the shepherd searched for it, he found Shivling which is now in Pashupatinath temple.
According to the third story, this temple is related to Kedarnath temple. It is said that when Pandavas were on the way to Heaven, Shiva had appeared in the form of a buffalo and disappeared in earth but before fully assimilating, Bhima had caught his tail. The place where Bhima did this work, is now known as Kedarnath Dham. And the place where his face came out of the earth is called Pashupatinath. This legend is mentioned in detail in the Puranas by the story of Panchkadar.